Women and Youth Development Institute of Indonesia (WYDII) and Women Learning’s Partnership (WLP)

Surabaya, Indonesia--June 28 – July 1, 2012


Background

From June 28 to July 1st, WYDII held four day Training of Trainers (N-TOT) on Women’s Leadership and Political Participation at Novatel Surabaya, Indonesia. This N-TOT wasto adopt WLP training method by applying WLP’s training Handbook; those are the Handbooks of Leading to Choices, the Handbook of Leading to Action, the MMP (3 CDs subtitlewith Indonesian language and 3 guidelines in Indonesian language).

 

The training attended by G-TOT Advisor, Betty Yeoh and her colleague, Haslinah Jacob, 7 WYDII trainers, and 25trainees(participants) who are coming from 12 cities of 7 provinces inIndonesia.

 

The N-TOT training was continuation of the 2 days Pre-Institute, in which all WYDII trainers and G-TOT have the opportunity to interact, tofacilitate, to counsel and to observe, and to ensure a full participation of trainees. One of the roles for the WYDII trainers were to identify the strength of each potential and the ability of all trainees to assign them for facilitating roles in the most appropriate session

 

Purpose:

• To expand and to provide WLP facilitation skillsfor women facilitatorsusing horizontal, inclusive and participatory (HIP) method. Most of the trainees are highly experiencedand leaders of their community, at the province level, and some of them have played important leadership capacity at the national level as well.

 

• To help improve the effectiveness of the women’s movement by strengthening the capacity of our partner organizations. Providing them with HIP methodnot only equipped them to apply the Handbook, but also to encourage them to broaden a qualitative change on women’s leadership and to promote a democratic society.

 

• To build stronger national networks among women facilitators to work together on broader cause.

 

Challenge:

Most trainees who areinvited in the training have a wide experience, either at the sub-national or national level, therefore they were also accustomed with the common way of facilitation.On the first day, WYDII trainers were working very hard to find the most compelling strategies to convey the purpose and the HIP methodology of the N-TOT.

 

Description

The objective of the N-TOT is to encourage the traineesto rethink the relationship between women and leadership;to enable women to think outside the box, to encourage women to acquire power to create change through educational and advocacy tools to transform structures of leadership in institutions and organizations.

 

The N-TOT is adopting HIP method that encouragesdialogue-based and interactive, drawing on a participatory leadership methodology, allowing everyone to experience the process of democracy.In our workshops, participants build tolerance and self-confidence through a learning environment that emphasizes negotiation and consensus building.

 

The first of N-TOT fully run by the WYDII trainers, but on the second days, participants have already taken bigger role in running the training. By third day, day more than half of participants already took part in facilitation roles. WYDII trainers will identify and provide guideline and consultations for the facilitation, while they were preparing using the individual copies of material we provided, they run the training.

 

One the basic guideline of facilitation we provided to trainees was to focus on answering the question written in thehandbook, while the content and strategies of facilitation can me varied. However, some study cases from the Handbook highly used by the trainees. In the meantime, as the time was always the concern, we intentionally want to cover all of session on the agenda, as we find it is necessary to deliver all prepared agenda. We want the trainees to try the material, even if it was not done thoroughly. We thought that the trainees could have in-depth exercise on their own, as they have already been provided with the set of the materials.

 

Material

The traineesand WYDII trainers, total of 31 people have their individual package material in the bag that includes:

 

1. A folder enclosed of agenda, bios of WYDII trainers, and bios of participants

2. Handbook of Leading to Action in Indonesian language

3. Handbook of Leading to Choice in Indonesian language

4. MMP (3 CD subtitle in Indonesian language and 3 additional guides in Indonesian language). The Multimedia Curriculum also consists of three additional guides and

 

Facilitator

The N-TOT facilitated by 7 experienced WYDII trainers (4 female and 2 male) those are Sutiah, Erma Susanti, Sri Sulistiyani, Siti Nurjanah, MardikoSaputro, and SJai (their bios are attached).These 7 trainers also attended 2 days Pre-Institute led by Betty Yeoh. During the N-TOT, the role of WYDII facilitators was to lead the first day workshop, and from the second day onward, they served as consultative roles andgave guideline to trainees, as well as observedthe training.

 

Trainees and Representation

We are especially proud with the trainees. Aside from the fact that most of them are able and cooperative trainees, they are also coming from 12 cities (7 provinces) of Indonesia. In four days they have committed to work together and learn from each other.

 

WYDII trainers have worked with some of them earlier, but many of them are new to us and to one another.Participant found that this meeting is highly motivating and charged intellectually and spiritually for them to keep working in the society. They are eager to network and to learn from each other. The traineesrepresent not only from different provinces, but also come from various background. They work from issues on, fightingthe transnational mining companies, political education to farmers, to political campaign for fishermen, anti domestic violence, child marriages, illiteracy issues, and be part of the Election Committee at the Provincial level.

 

N-TOT AGENDA

Most parts of the Agenda was adopted from the one developed by the Aurat Foundation, in consultation with Siobhan Hayes and Betty Yeoh. However, slight adjustmentswere made during the course of the training based on the demand as well as our choices to accommodate the trainee’s enthusiasm.

 

Day One on Leadership and Interactive Facilitation


Introduction

Siti Nurjanah opened the N-TOT and explained the purpose of the training and the partnership with WLP, followed with the greeting from the WLP’s President and CEO, Mahnaz Afkhami. Nurjanah also discussed the commitment expected from the trainees. Mareska Mantikled a refreshing way to introduction, where everyone gathered in a circle and has to memorize names of other trainees before them. Mareska Mantik also then led the discussion on the training code of conduct and trainees’ expectation from the workshop. Betty Yeoh then explained the methodology of the training.

 

Interactive Facilitation

Led by Sutiah


Sutiahstarted with the session on Learning to Facilitate Interactively, she has a tremendous talent and experience to facilitate effectively. She led the discussion from video screening on Learning to Facilitate. She created fun way for people to memorize horizontal, inclusive and participatory (HIP) methodology by introduced a HIP Greetings, which come to alive throughout the whole program. The greeting was very much alive throughout the 4 days training, as energizer as well.

 

Sutiah also led brainstormed on the key element of facilitation from the video. She always emphasized on the HIP methods and strategized to urge trainees to participate and to listen, also to create relax environment, to encourage shared learning, to encourage a collaborative process especially among trainees,also adapted to cultural and language sensitive.

 

Leader and Communicative Leadership


Led by Erma Susanti and Siti Nurjanah

Erma started with an energizer, Search for Treasure. Trainees divided into 3 group and they were asked to hide their precious and then, they tied their hands together, no talking verbal communication are allowed, only body language or other means to communications, together with tied hands they searched back everyone belongings.

 

Lesson: Communication in leadership is key to achieve a common goal.

Erma Susanti then continued with brainstorming with identifying the key success of the group in achieving their goal (during the game), to identify who is the leader, what quality a person need to have to be a leader,to create mission-vision, strategies, building trust and confidence to partners and the leader, tools required, needs for a leader within the community, being consistent, persistent is must, needs forbeing sensitive and to build partnership.

She later divided the trainees into 3 groups, and asked for a couple of volunteers to read case study of Asma Khader from Leading to Choice Handbook and discussedthe question from the Handbook.

 

Siti Nurjanah continuedwith brainstorming and discussion on the definition and identification of a leader, could women be a leader? Would there be a need for a society to have leader if there are many leaders in the society. Why do we need a leader, what role the leader should be, what is the capacity of a leader to enablethem to attain common goal, especially in on, how to manage diverse interest groups. Siti Nurjanah also led brainstorming on the stereotype of male and female leader, challenges faced by women leader, and the opportunity to turn the obstacle into opportunity to enable women to be a HIP leader.

 

Daily Evaluation

Led by Erma Susanti


Trainees asked to share their opinions on the methods. Most trainees found the method stimulating, but some of them also expressed their criticism to the method. Some trainees wrote that they have inspired by the method and materials, but some also saidthat the method wasnot totally new to them. Also said that some sessions still were lack of clarity and need an in-depth discussion.

 

Day Two on Visionary Decision Making in Politics and Communication for Change


Recap Led by Haslinah Jacob

Energizer: Ms. Jacob prepared 3 big pieces of papers and attached them on the wall. She divided the group into 3 groups, read the question and the asked group to write the answer on paper attached on the wall. WYDII trainers will judge the answer and markedthem to decide who does better in answering the questions.

 

Response to the evaluation: Focus on the HIP method

Led by MareskaMantik


Mareska Mantik cleverly explained the purpose of the training, which is to have the trainee to pass it on their knowledge from the N-TOT to their constituent. She emphasized on the different roles between trainer and facilitator, and explained that the HIP method is a method where the quality the two met. She acknowledged that the training material maybe not new for them, as most of the trainee are experienced trainers, therefore she emphasized on their role mostly as messenger, to bring back the message to their constituent. Ms. Mantik also emphasized that the key element of learning on the training is on their ability tofollow the material, to listen and to share learning, to enable them to deliver the message, instead of resist it with excuse that they knew or learned it before.

 

My Vision and to Find Shared Meaning

Led by Mareska Mantik and Ema Kemalawati


Ms. Mantik divided the group into 3 groups, asked volunteers to read the case study of Muhammad Yunus. She then led the brainstorming and the discussion based on the answer from the case study. The discussion include, how a person find their inspiration to serve in the community, can women take big role in public life, what elements to keep someone to remain focus on the cause, etc? This question followed with request to trainees to draw an individual and shared vision. Each trainee wrote their individual vision and tailored them together into one vision. Among them, their individual visions are: justice and gender equality, no child marriage, equality for women in politics, women empowerment, women’s power, equal opportunity for education and health for women. The share vision of the group is: To create justice and equality for women in all aspects of life. Ms. Mantik concluded the session with brainstormed and discussion on what is the challenges to write up individual and shared vision and how to overcome it.

 

Politics and Power

Led by Erma Susanti and Titin Prihatin Rahayu


Energizer: Divided the group into 3 groups. One person would volunteered to be blindfold and search for a flag and only to listen to the people behind her who giving the instruction where to go to find the flag.

 

Lesson: Everyone can attain power in many aspects of decision-making and how to use power. It is also that the person who sits in the front seat not necessarily the only person possesses the power.

 

Erma Susanti and Titin Prihatin Rahayu then led the brainstorming on the session on Politics and Power, by triggering questions, such as how is today’s political reality, how to use power, does women know how to attain power, who need the power, and how to attain power? Erma and Titin concluded her session with discussion on what the opportunity for women, how to strategize to gain power.

 

Communication Skills, Communicating for Change

Led by S jai, Maryam, and Ayu Rai


Role play: The facilitators divided the group into 3 groups and gave each group a task to create scenario to come up with a proposal that they have to present it to present their proposal to the public, Group One createdrole played of a woman candidate campaigning to their constituent to a group of women; GroupTwo role played, appealing public support by describing the danger of the upcoming plan to build a net transnational harbor to local fishermen; Group Three role played on the case of a wife to negotiate her freedom from her husband.

 

Discussion and brainstorming on what is the purpose of the speech, whether the message is compelling enough, does the message clear, does she provide compelling data,what is needed to have an effective speech?

 

Core Constituency Building

Led by Sri Sulistiyani and Faridatul Hanum


Role Play: The group divided into 3 groups to role play as political candidate who campaigning to or speaking with their constituent. They were free to choose the type of their constituent, depending on their agenda/message.

 

The brainstorming and discussion on who can deliver most effective campaign to their respective constituent, what strategies are most effective, what are the key element to master from particular constituent to whom they are talking to, for instance, to women farmer, fishermen, religious group of women (commonly—a group of Koran recital groups), etc.

 

Daily Evaluation

Led by Sutiah


We asked the trainees to give two separate evaluations that are the method and the substance (please see table below--many similar inputs wrote down one time only)

 

Substance

Method

Need more thorough session on leadership

The videos are very inspirational

Need more clarity

Brainstorming is very refreshing and effective

Need more material on policy advocacy

HIP Greetings is effective way memorize the concept

Need more material on political awareness

Like the role pay, effective, refreshing

Many sessions were rushed (not enough time)

Need more ice breaking

Like the method of drawing (by BettyYeoh)

 

Day Three on Effective Advocacy and Mapping the Political Scene and Negotiation the Political Space


On the Day Three, the training was fully led by trainees and WYDII trainers only played consultative roles and observing the training.

 

Recap by Ni Made Ariasih

She has the group in circle and created a ball of paper. She was standing in the middle of the circle and through the ball to the group. Anybody happened aimed or catch the ball will answer the question. The question she asked was based in the session the day before varies from the session of My Vision and to Find Shared Meaning Politics and Power, Communication Skills, Communicating for Change,to session on Core Constituency Building.

 

Response to evaluation led by Siti Nurjanah

Siti Nurjanah addressed the concern on need to strengthen and tighten up the session on the Communication Skills, Communicating for Change.

 

Showing the video (MMP) on Effective Advocacy

Led by Risna Utami and Vella Okta Rini


Based in the video, Risna Utama and Vella Rini discussed and brainstormed, what is advocacy and advocacy strategy (please see below). This discussion is especially a leaning toward drawing the Action Plan.

 

Advocacy Strategy

Definition of Advocacy

Mediation

To defend the rights of others

Negotiation, lobbying (including lobbying the media)

To fight for certain cause

Inclusive, consultative

Process of activity

Campaign for certain law, policy, regulation

Continuous assistance to certain cause

To build coalition, monitoring, documentation

Articulation of vision

 

Movie Screening Taking Root (with Indonesian language subtitle)

Discussion led by Ely Mahmudah and Nurlely Sa’adah


Followed with a discussion and brainstorming on the aspect of Women, Advocacy, environmental struggle, Human Rights based on the movie. Facilitators asked the trainees to identify the problem, strategy, goal, challenges and resources that Wangari has in her struggles for women leadership, environmental rights, and human rights.

 

The videos containfacts and illustrative examples of how to Wangari create effective woman leadership even in the harshest political situation in Kenya and she managed to champion the struggle.

 

A Case Study on Women Rights on EnvironmentalImpact Advocacy

Led by Jull Takaliuang


Jull Takaliang was presenting her advocacy work against a transnational American based company--Newmont Mining in Buyat, North Sulawesi Province. She led an advocacy against the company who creates hazardous environmental impact on behalf of mothers who are suffering from sever physical impairment, especially to pregnant mothers and children, mostly because the water is highly contaminated with arsenic. She sued the company for damaging the public health. The case was tried but lost. She was sentenced to 1 year of house imprisonment.

 

Negotiation/Compromises and Non-Negotiable

Led by Baiq Mulianah and Ilyani Sudardjat


Based on Jull Takali angexperienced in negotiation, Baiq Mulianah and Ilyani Sudardjat created a role playof negotiation between victim, government, and the representative of Newmont Minahasa Raya (Gold Mining Company), and mediated by a local NGO. She asked for four volunteers to role play and have the rest of the trainees to comment.

 

After the brainstorming and discussion, especiallyon technic to negotiate,strategy to demand, necessity to obtaininformation about parties to negotiate with, the weakness and strategy of the negotiation parties, who win the negotiation, Betty concluded the session with a canny notion of equality in negotiation as the key element in negotiation.

 

Mapping the Political Scene

Led by Kurnia Wahyu Lestari danNurul Munawaroh


Divide the group into 2 groups to discus the local and nationalto answer question on what is opportunity from the issues, challenges, to identify who is the most influential person/institution of the issue to identify enemy and supporter.

 

Parties to Advocacy to: agent, government (police, immigration, labor depart, court, insurance, BNP2TKI).

 

Strategy: policy advocacy, education to victim

 

National Issues: Domestic violence, illiteracy, and child marriage.

 

Parties to Advocate to: Population Control Office, Women Empowerment Ministry, police, battered women (encourage them to file their case), parent (for child marriage issue).

 

Strategy: policy advocacy, monitoring the implementation of Domestic violence law, campaigning the Law, create fact sheets,

 

Daily Evaluation

Led by Sutiah

 

Day Four on Measuring Success and Action Plan

 

Recap Suyatemi and Yat Kurniati

Sutayemi and Yat Kurniati created game, to have the group to draw numbers from pieces of paper that they rolled. The WYDII trainer will first drawn the number and anyone who have their number matched with the one that the WYDII trained drawn, they have to answer the question they have prepared. The question was about the material the day before.

 

Action Plan I:

Risna Utami shared her advocacy for The Rights of Disable People Risna Utami gave a brief background how disable women is situated at the lowest level of discrimination in the society. She herself has been kept in secrecy by her own father until she was 15 years and took another 10 year to convince her father her ability to life her own life. RisnaUtamihas advocated for better law to rights of disable people. She has drafted a law that already has been supported by 50 organizations from 10 provinces, mostly still organization which focused on the rights of disable people. She hopes that the new network can also support the cause.

 

Action Plan

Led by Nusra Azis and Adi Setijowati


Nusra Azis and Adi Setijowati gave basic guide line show to draw feasible and plausible Action Plan (please see the attached file).

 

Output:

• Based on the daily evaluation, the N-TOT has transformed the participant’s ways of thinking on facilitation and the idea of shared learning, as well as empowered them to think outside the box. Especially the N-TOT:

• Increase theability of trainees to employ HIP facilitation

• To have built and nurtured a pool of trainers who carry out the WLP training programs.

• To draw Action Plan for 2012 – 2014

• To build a broader network building to strengthen each other work and provide spiritual boost and bringing a people-centered together

 

N-TOT EVALUATION


On the first day, the evaluation was conducted in each session and adjustment to agenda also meet accordingly. As result, the progress is consistently increasing. We really rely on the evaluation to achieve a truly collaborative and participatory learning. Moreover, our ability to meet the demand and ability to adapt the agenda to the demand is one of the key successes. Everyday after the recap session, one of the WYDII trainers will lead the discussion for about 10 - 15 minutesto tackle or to sharpen the issues referred from the evaluation.