I. Context and Political Developments:

One of WYDII’s missions is to bolster women’s representation in the political arena. On April 9, 2014, Indonesia will hold national elections in which every third candidate must be a woman. Fourteen women who participated in our NTOT workshop in Surabaya are contesting the coming elections, for municipal, provincial, and national legislative seats.

 

Previously, WYDII held an informal meeting with 17 women in Manado (North Sulawesi Province) and 27 women in Surabaya (East Java Province), to understand better the political dynamic as well as the facts around women and their political activities. Further, we consulted with WLP Officers, Siobhan Hayes and Natasha Lamoreux, to find the best way to support these women, to enable them to take up the opportunity offered by the new quota for female candidates. WYDII and WLP, after a series of correspondences and online discussions, agreed to adjust the TOT into a capacity building institute, which was held in November 10-11, 2013.

 

Separately, at the request of one NTOT workshop participant, who believed that the training would help her to better advocate for women’s leadership in her community, we held a grassroots training workshop in Salatiga, Central Java with the Association of Farmer Qaryah Thayyibah (SPPQT).

 

II. Curriculum Development: Progress and feedback on manuals or translations

• For the leadership training in Salatiga, we primarily used material from WLP Manual, Leading to Choice and two Section One on Politics and Power, from the Leading of Action manual. The material was well received, especially because the idea of participatory leadership was unheard to them.

 

• For the capacity building training in Surabaya, we have translated Session 11: Election from the draft of a Toolkit for Women in Transitioning Societies: Leading to Culture of Democracy. The material fits well with the participants’ need at the time: to understand aspects of election and its process, as well as their possible role in a democratic culture.

 

III. Training

This report will cover 2 workshops in 2013, related to the application of WLP’s Manual. It’s a grassroots training held in Salatiga (Central Java Province) in collaboration with Association of Farmer Qaryah Thayyibah (SPPQT). The workshop was held in September 7-8, 2013 and attended by 26 women.

 

The second workshop was held in November 10-11, 2013 in Surabaya (East Java Province). It’s a capacity building workshop, attended by 21 women legislative candidates, mostly from East Java Province, 2 participants were from other provinces (1 participant was from Mataram--West Nusa Tenggara Province, and the other one was from Manado (North Sulawesi Province).

 

Training I:


1. Details

• Date of training: September 7-8, 2013

• Location: Salatiga (Central Java Province)

• Type of Training: Grassroots

• Facilitators: Nia Lestari, Nurul, Mardiko Saputro

• Facilities/venue: the workshop was held at SPPQT’s meeting room

• Participants: 26 women (age range from 23 to 45 years)

• Narrative description of participants and why they were chosen: Participants were comprised of women farmers, teachers, and small business owners most of whom are also the heads of their community associations. All of the workshop participants are members of SPPQT and selected by SPPQT.

 

2. Any special additions to the program, including introductory speakers, films used, etc.

 

NONE

 

3. Overview of the context for the training and any additional objectives

As a follow up from our first WLP NTOT in June 26 – July 1, 2012, we have received a request from a workshop participant from the Association of Farmer Qaryah Thayyibah (SPPQT) to hold leadership training for their members. SPPQT has organized 3,960 women and divided them into 143 groups according to the district and community they belong to. They meet each month, to discuss the current issues of mutual interest; the meeting is also an occasion to draw an income rotating activity among members. SPPQT’s activities are vary from organizing members to be empowered farmer, assisting them with a better understanding of how to access government programs, advocacy for farmers’ rights, education on organic farming, to income generating activities.

 

The SPPQT members hope that the training would enhance their confidence and gain stronger leadership ability in their community. All participants were the heads of their community associations; they are considered to be socially and politically the most literate and able in organizing the community. By providing this training, we expect that they will disseminate and pass on their knowledge to their group and broader community.

 

4. Feedback on the structure of the program, including timing, content, etc.

The structure of the program fits well with the need and the availability of the participants, especially due to their obligations at home. Most of participants are married and have small children and have expressed the difficulty to travel out of town and leave their house to attend this training.

 

5. Brief overview of the process

This is a two-day training. All participants were given copy of Leading to Choice Manual upon their arrival. On the first day of the training, we covered various basics from introductions, the background of the training, required commitment of the participant post the training to be trainer in their own group and their community, the methodology of the training. We also covered two sections from the Leading to Choice manual. The two sections that we’ve brainstormed, exercised, and discussed in the beginning was Section I, Developing the Self for Leadership and Section II, Communicating with Others:

 

• The Building Blocks of Leadership: Leadership as Communicative Learning:

1. Session 1: Who is a Leader?

2. Session 2: How Am I Leader in My Own Life?

 

• How Should We Communicate?

• How Will We Empower Each Other?

• Watching MMP: video on Communication for Change

 

We conducted discussions and exercises after each session for one and a half hours to two hours. During these sessions, participants were able to differentiate between a participatory leadership and an authoritarian or coercive leadership. Participants were able to identify that the ability to cooperate, to be creative, sensitive, and respect other and to communicate effectively are the skills that a leader needs to acquire. Participants also were able to draw new definitions of a leader, those definitions include:

 

1. A leader is anybody who is not afraid to go against the tide, to act in the interest of justice, and to create new norms.

2. A leader is anybody who can motivate others to improve their life quality.

3. A leader is anybody who is sensitive to and has the courage to fight for justice.

4. A leader is anybody who can listen and communicate with others with respect and understanding.

 

On day two, we covered Section III, Creating Learning Partnership (Leading to Choice Manual) and Section One from the manual of Leading to Action Manual.

 

• What is My Vision?

• How will we find shared meaning?

• What is our plan of action?

• How do we define a successful organization?

• Politics and Power: Where do I fit in? (Section I)

• Imagining a better world

• What are my dreams?

 

On day two, participants felt liberated themselves from a classical (i.e., male, authoritarian) definition of leadership; and started to envision themselves as able leaders in their families and their communities. Nia Lestari (facilitator) also described of WLP’s definition of vision, that is “A vision is more than just setting a goal. It involves a picture of the good, an ideal, an idea of what the work we do would look like if we did it well.” Further, the session discussed the areas of personal vision; how an individual’s dream or vision motivates her to become a leader; to discover the power of formulating a concrete statement or mission that explains one’s vision; and explore how to put one’s personal vision into words and actions. This section clearly has helped participants to understand the necessity to articulate their individual vision and formulating their vision with others especially who carry similar goal.

 

6. Key moments/highlights of interactions that were particularly dynamic among participants

There are number of highlights moments during this training, especially on day one which covered the section on Developing the Self for Leadership. For most participants, the learning of ideas, content, and the methodology of the training were very liberating, especially because all of them are coming from very traditional backgrounds, religious, farmers, wives, mothers, and rural. Their idea of a leadership was very solid, such as a leadership position often occupied by men, possess a physical strength, formal-structural, non-communicative, insensitive, controlling, coercive, non-cooperative, charismatic, educated, hereditary, etc. Clearly, this classic conception of leadership was shattered on the day one of the training, although we also aware that the full realization of this new concept might require further learning.

 

7. Outcomes:

• Participants understanding of leadership has significantly increased.

• Participants gained greater ability and self-confidence to speak in public / large groups.

• Participants were able to collaborate and to work together during the training.

• Participants developed greater confidence and trust to share their personal stories relevant to their leadership experiences.

• Some participants are ready and able to lead their own training for their own group and community.

For ongoing follow-up/monitoring:

• To encourage SPPQT to expand this leadership training

 

8. Greatest successes/areas for improvement

Participants have shown great enthusiasm and embraced the concept of participatory leadership.

 

9. Recommendations

For grassroots training, the video material (the one we’ve shown Communicating for Change) was a little too distant from their world. There is a need to adjust some of the material, especially this one, to make it more relevant to their level (grassroots level) such as, technic to talk on the radio or public speaking with the people of their own community (people of similar backgrounds), or negotiating with the head of their village, etc.

 

• For grassroots training, we should allocate more time in discussions and exercises, as some of the directions often need to be repeated.

 

10. Quotes (It’s included in the evaluation form)

 

11. Photos and videos (photos were sent earlier)

 

Training II:


1. Details

• Date of training: November 10-11, 2013

• Location: Surabaya (East Java Province)

• Type of Training: Regional

• Facilitators: Erma Susanti, Sutiah, Siti Nurjanah

• Facilities/venue: D’Season Hotel, Surabaya, East Java Province

• Participants: 21 women (from 38 to 66 years)

• Narrative description of participants and why they were chosen: The training was attended by 21 women legislative candidates from six political parties contesting the 2014 general election. Those parties include, Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), The People's Conscience Party (Hanura), Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra), Democrat Party, United Development Party (PPP), and National Democrat Party (Nasdem). The background of participants varies from incumbents, repeat candidates, and first time candidates. The participants age range from 38 years old to 66 years old. Most of them are coming from East Java province; only 2 participants were coming from a different province. One person was coming from Mataram (West Nusa Tenggara Province) and one person was coming from Manado (North Sulawesi Province).

 

2. Any special additions to the program, including introductory speakers, films used, etc. Below is additional video shown during the workshop. Video on election-rigging scheme in Indonesia, Malaysia and Pakistan:

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHhTE3mJJHc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mxY9OnBCLjQ

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eCDBY5sHRqM

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uJ6hyMwV7Qo

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xUQ3GRwWU6k

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C75tcbGJo5o

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zTJyOa5-5wQ

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RsyM_i87Ots

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ntu8biBT78c


3. Overview of the context for the training and any additional objectives:

One of the main reasons for holding this capacity-building institute instead of a TOT was to prepare women who are run for office in the coming general election on April 9th, 2014, especially since in this election the regulation on the quota system has been adopted.

 

This workshop was also a follow up from our earlier need-assessment meeting that WYDII conducted in August 2013. Various findings from that assessment specify that women’s candidates are lacking in many areas, among others are, broader understanding of leadership, meaningful network, communication skills, mobilizing the base, ability to deliver purposeful issues, understanding of election laws and regulations, better grasp on the election procedures, a confidence and support from the parties. To make matter worse, political parties often merely use women candidates to fulfill the quota regulation, instead of embracing the mandate to open the door for women’s representation in politics.

 

4. Feedback on the structure of the program, including timing, content, etc.

 

• The structure of the training was a little problematic. Some of the participants were a bit impatient with the theoretical work on election that was covered on day one, although the content of the training was in accord with the participants’ needs. Some of the participants were anxious over their preparedness. On the other hand, some participants excelled with the idea of participatory leadership.

• Although the material is easy to understand and often inspiring, it has been seen as lacking of local / national content. This can be an area to develop for the next training, to develop or to incorporate a few local / national case studies.

 

5. Brief overview of the process

The training was divided into two sections. The first section on the first day, we adopted the WLP Manual of Leading to Choices, especially to introduce candidates to the concept of participatory leadership. In this section, we applied session 1: Who is a leader?; Session 3: What is my vision?; Session 7: How will we find shared meaning?; and Session 4: How should we communicate?

 

On the second day, we focused on the areas of election. We started the session with adopting WLP draft manual of a Toolkit for women in transitioning societies: Leading to Culture of Democracy, Session 11 on Election. In this session, we tackled the questions of how to examine what are free and fair elections; what elements can legitimize an election process; what strategies can hold elected officials accountable; and how to use quotas for women in politics and their possible role in a democratic culture.

 

This was followed by a session on Update on Electoral Systems and to Safeguard Women Votes, led by Agus Mahfud Fauzi, a Member of East Java’s Election Committee. The format of this discussion was mostly a consultative discussion, reviewing the regulations, as well as explanation and confirmation on the potential frauds and violations on the day of election. In this session we also showed video on election rigging in various cases and countries, such as Indonesia, Malaysia, and Pakistan (link of the video are listed on question number 2).

 

6. Key moments/highlights of interactions that were particularly dynamic among participants

The key moments during training were the growing solidarity among participants. All of the participants have identified themselves more as women politician with their challenges, instead identified themselves with the political party they have represented. There was almost no hesitation among participants to share some of their very personal experiences, such as feelings of failure, distress, disappointment, and powerlessness (especially over corruption) as well as to share helpful tips on how to overcome or avoid those challenges. Participants willingly shared these experiences even without knowing each other and coming from different political parties. The existence of this nurturing environment and development of a great sense of solidarity indicates that women politicians will eventually thrive and succeed as together they have anticipated challenges. Most likely this kind of environment does not exist among men politician.

 

7. Outcomes:


• Participants (mostly first time candidates) have gained a significant amount of confidence in themselves and knowledge on leadership and feel privileged to learn the most critical lessons from others who are more senior of age and experiences.

• Participants (who have run before) have refreshed their courage to start again more cautiously.

• Participants have launched a declaration among women candidates to fight for transparent election and fight to money politics.

• Participants have created a network of communication through Facebook.

For ongoing follow-up/monitoring:

• To monitor the progress of women’s candidates until election day on April 9, 2014

• To develop a network of women candidates through Facebook, over their campaign strategies, challenges, and to develop new initiative to collaborate among them.

• To continue to voice their shared goal of a transparent election and to fight against political corruption (what we call ‘money politics’)

 

8. Greatest successes:

Experiences shared by candidates during the workshop developed a very nurturing environment especially for the first time candidates. Some of the personal and important accomplishments:

 

1. To encourage them to continue to be loyal with the party, especially when one losses in the election. The party will review and eventually notice their presence and contribution and late accommodate them with relevant or important roles within the party

2. To anticipate the possibility of vote stealing, not only by rival parties but also within the party

3. To figure out key locations to place campaign sticker/banner, as well as to design eye-catching stickers/banner.

4. To calculate appropriate time to start the campaign, especially to the beginner and non-incumbent candidates, as their resources are very limited.

5. To be strategic in engaging groups/individuals to broaden and deepen support.

6. Some candidates, especially the beginners, might experience emotional or psychological conflict and uncertainty. This should be understood as a normal and tolerable experience and should not cause shame in talking about it. In fact, they should be opened to others to strengthen and support each other and together fight the fear and doubt.

 

9. Recommendations


• Political reality can be very cruel, especially to women. Developing section of the manual with a grounded approach to deal with practical electoral realities (e.g., how to accept defeat) would be most relevant.

• For many transitioning countries, political parties often engineer significant political changes or delaying political progress. Unfortunately, men still control most organs within the political party. Developing successful case studies of the support of political parties to women’s success is very important to create women’s faith in political parties.

 

10. Quotes (It’s included in the evaluation form.)

 

11. Photos and videos (were sent earlier)

 

12. Media coverage (PDF/scan of press articles, links to other media)

We have published a video of the participants’ Declaration on YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jqQ3wRL20C0


13. Evaluation forms are attached